Sneezeweed

Helenium autumnale (Sneezeweed)

Helenium autumnale(Herbaceous Perennial)

Sneezeweed is a clump-forming, Midwest native perennial found in moist soils along streams, ponds or ditches and in spring-fed meadows, prairie and wet open ground. Sneezeweed has distinctive, winged stems branch near the top of plants that hold clusters of yellow, daisy-like flowers with prominent, domed, golden center disks. Flowers appear over a lengthy late summer to autumn, sometimes to first frost, as indicated by species name.


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Prolific fall flowering on moist sites
Attracts butterflies
Good choice for rain gardens and bioswales

Height

36-60 Inches

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Spread

24-36 Inches


Growing & Maintenance Tips

Easily grown in average, medium wet to wet soils in full sun. Prefers rich, moist soils. Intolerant of dry soils. Avoid over-fertilization which may cause plants to grow too tall. Although not required, plants may be cut back in early June (at least six weeks before normal flowering) to reduce plant height and to encourage branching, thus leading to more bloom, healthier foliage and less need for support. Remove spent flowers to encourage additional bloom. Cut back plants by 1/2 after flowering. Divide clumps as needed to maintain vigor. No serious insect or diseases.

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Interesting Notes

Powdered disk flowers and leaves of this species have in the past been dried and used as snuff, thus giving rise to the common name of sneezeweed.


USDA Hardiness Zone 3 - 8

Great Companions

Aromatic Aster Aromatic Aster (Aster oblongifolius )
New England Aster New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae )
Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium )